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Kolkata

Places of tourist attractions in Kolkata

Kolkata, the cultural capital of India, played a major role in India's struggle for independence. This city has seen many ups and downs like artificial famines and mass riots during the time of independence and partition of the country.


It is believed that Calcutta (now Kolkata) was established in 1686 as a part of expansion plans of the British Raj. Prior to the arrival of Britishers and establishment of East India Company, Calcutta was known as Kalikata. Job Charnock, is believed to be the founder of  Calcutta, the city also known as 'City of Joy'.  Charnock came to village Sutanuti as a representative of The British East India Company to establish a factory.


During that time, Calcutta comprised of three villages of Kalikata, Gobindapur, Sutanuti.

In 1772, Calcutta was announced as the capital of British India and Warren Hastings, the first British Governor General of India shifted all important offices from Murshidabad  to Calcutta. Before that Murshidabad was the capital of Bengal. In 1911, the capital was shifted from Calcutta to Delhi.

After partition of India on 15th August 1947,  Calcutta became the capital city of West Bengal on the other hand Dhaka (then East Pakistan) became the capital city of Pakistan. Dr. Prafulla Chandra Ghosh was the first Chief Minister of West Bengal in Independent India. On January 1, 2001, Calcutta was officially renamed as 'Kolkata'. 


Eminent personalities like Kaviguru Rabindranath Tagore, Swami Vivekananda, Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, CV Raman, Satyajit Ray, Amartya Sen, Sourav Ganguly, Leander Paes, Kishore Kumar, Manna De, Hemanta Kumar belonged to this city or spent many years in this city.On January 1, 2001, Calcutta was officially renamed as 'Kolkata'. Famous personalities like Kaviguru Rabindranath Tagore, Swami Vivekananda, Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, CV Raman, Satyajit Ray, Amartya Sen, Sourav Ganguly, Leander Paes, Kishore Kumar, Manna De, Hemanta Kumar belonged to this city or spent many years in this city

Tourist destinations

BELUR MATH


Belur Math is situated on the bank of Hooghly river. It is the headquarter of the Ramakrishna Math and Mission, founded by Swami Vivekananda, the chief disciple of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. Calm atmosphere, a garden full of colourful flowers and beautiful architecture of the temple attracts locals to spend time away from the hustle and bustle of the city in a divine atmosphere. There is also a museum inside the compound. Those who are willing to have 'prasadam' may contact the office of the math before 10 AM.


DAKSHINESWAR KALI TEMPLE


Situated on the bank of the river Hooghly, Dakshineswar Kali temple is a historical temple in Kolkata. The presiding deity of the temple is Bhabataritini (Ma Kali). The temple was built in 1855 by Rani Rashmoni. The temple is famous for its association with Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, a Hindu Saint of 19th century.

Fort william

Fort William is a fort built on the eastern banks of River Hooghly during the early years of the Bengal Presidency. It extends over an area of approx. 71 hectares. It was named after King William III.

victoria memorial

Built between 1906 and 1921, in the memory of Queen Victoria, Victoria Memorial is a beautiful marble building, now a museum and a very popular tourist destination. Here you may find a glimpse of British era.


ST PAUL'S CATHEDRAL CHURCH


St. Paul's Cathedral Church is an example beautiful Gothic architecture and it is said to be the largest cathedral in Kolkata and the first Episcopal Church in Asia. The building was completed in 1847.


M.P. BIRLA PLANETARIUM


M. P. Birla Planetarium, situated near Victoria Memorial and adjacent to St. Paul’s Cathedral, is based on the architectural style of the famous Buddhist Stupa at Sanchi. The planetarium was inaugurated by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on 2nd July 1963. Children like this place very much.

Indian museum

The Indian Museum of Kolkata is one of the oldest museums of the world with some of the most exquisite collection of antiques, ornaments, armor, stunning Mughal paintings and much more.


MOTHER HOUSE


The Mother House is located at 54-A, A.J.C. Bose Road, Kolkata. It is the headquarters of the international religious congregation of the Missionaries of Charity. It has been home to Saint Mother Teresa and her sisters since February 1953. Here Mother lived, worked and spread message of love and peace across the world.


BIRLA MANDIR


Birla Mandir is a Hindu temple situated in Ballygunge, built by the industrialist Birla family. This temple is open in the morning from 5.30 A.M. to 11 A.M. and in the evening from 4 .30 P.M. to 9 P.M. On Janamasthami (the birthday of Lord Krishna), devotees come from far away places to pay their respect to the deities.

KALIGHAT KALI TEMPLE


Kalighat Kali Temple is a Hindu temple in Kalighat, Kolkata, dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. It is one of the 51 Shakti Peethas. Kalighat was a Ghat (landing stage) sacred to Kali on the old course (Adi Ganga) of the Hooghly river (Bhāgirathi) in the city of Kolkata. The river over a period of time has moved away from the temple. The temple is now on the banks of a small canal called Adi Ganga which connects to the Hooghly. The Adi Ganga was the original course of the river Hooghly. Hence the name Adi (original) Ganga.Kalighat Kali Temple is a Hindu temple in Kalighat, Kolkata, dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. It is one of the 51 Shakti Peethas. Kalighat was a Ghat (landing stage) sacred to Kali on the old course (Adi Ganga) of the Hooghly river (Bhāgirathi) in the city of Kolkata. The river over a period of time has moved away from the temple. The temple is now on the banks of a small canal called Adi Ganga which connects to the Hooghly. The Adi Ganga was the original course of the river Hooghly. Hence the name Adi (original) Ganga.Kalighat Kali Temple is a Hindu temple in Kalighat, Kolkata, dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. It is one of the 51 Shakti Peethas. Kalighat was a Ghat (landing stage) sacred to Kali on the old course (Adi Ganga) of the Hooghly river (Bhāgirathi) in the city of Kolkata. The river over a period of time has moved away from the temple. The temple is now on the banks of a small canal called Adi Ganga which connects to the Hooghly. The Adi Ganga was the original course of the river Hooghly. Hence the name Adi (original) Ganga.Kalighat Kali Temple is a Hindu temple in Kalighat, Kolkata, dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. It is one of the 51 Shakti Peethas. Kalighat was a Ghat (landing stage) sacred to Kali on the old course (Adi Ganga) of the Hooghly river (Bhāgirathi) in the city of Kolkata. The river over a period of time has moved away from the temple. The temple is now on the banks of a small canal called Adi Ganga which connects to the Hooghly. The Adi Ganga was the original course of the river Hooghly. Hence the name Adi (original) Ganga. Kalighat Kali Temple is a Hindu temple in Kalighat, Kolkata, dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. It is one of the 51 Shakti Peethas. Kalighat was a Ghat (landing stage) sacred to Kali on the old course (Adi Ganga) of the Hooghly river (Bhāgirathi) in the city of Kolkata. The river over a period of time has moved away from the temple. The temple is now on the banks of a small canal called Adi Ganga which connects to the Hooghly. The Adi Ganga was the original course of the river Hooghly. Hence the name Adi (original) Ganga.Kalighat Kali Temple is a Hindu temple in Kalighat, Kolkata, dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. It is one of the 51 Shakti Peethas. Kalighat was a Ghat (landing stage) sacred to Kali on the old course (Adi Ganga) of the Hooghly river (Bhāgirathi) in the city of Kolkata. The river over a period of time has moved away from the temple. The temple is now on the banks of a small canal called Adi Ganga which connects to the Hooghly. The Adi Ganga was the original course of the river Hooghly. Hence the name Adi (original) Ganga.Kalighat Kali Temple is a Hindu temple in Kalighat, Kolkata, dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. It is one of the 51 Shakti Peethas. Kalighat was a Ghat (landing stage) sacred to Kali on the old course (Adi Ganga) of the Hooghly river (Bhāgirathi) in the city of Kolkata. The river over a period of time has moved away from the temple. The temple is now on the banks of a small canal called Adi Ganga which connects to the Hooghly. The Adi Ganga was the original course of the river Hooghly. Hence the name Adi (original) Ganga.Kalighat Kali Temple is a Hindu temple in Kalighat, Kolkata, dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. It is one of the 51 Shakti Peethas. Kalighat was a Ghat (landing stage) sacred to Kali on the old course (Adi Ganga) of the Hooghly river (Bhāgirathi) in the city of Kolkata. The river over a period of time has moved away from the temple. The temple is now on the banks of a small canal called Adi Ganga which connects to the Hooghly. The Adi Ganga was the original course of the river Hooghly. Hence the name Adi (original) Ganga. The Kalighat temple in its present form is only about 200 years old, although it has been referred to in Mansar Bhasan composed in the 15th century, and in Kavi Kankan Chandi of the 17th century.The present structure of the temple was completed under the Sabarna Roy Chowdhury family's patronage in 1809. Only two types of coins of Chandragupta II, who incorporated Vanga in the Gupta Empire, are known from Bengal. His Archer type coins, which became the most popular type of coinage with the Gupta rulers after Kumaragupta I, have been found in Kalighat. This is evidence of the antiquity of the place. The image of Kali in this temple is unique. It does not follow the pattern of other Kali images in Bengal. The present idol of touchstone was created by two saints - Atmaram Brahmachari and Brahmananda Giri. Presently, the three huge eyes, long protruding tongue made of gold and four hands, which all are made of gold too. Two of these hands holding a scimitar and a severed head of the asura king 'Shumbha'. The scimitar signifies Divine Knowledge and the asura (or, human) head signifies human Ego which must be slain by Divine Knowledge in order to attain Moksha. The other two hands are in the abhaya and varada mudras or blessings, which means her initiated devotees (or anyone worshiping her with a true heart) will be saved as she will guide them here and hereafter

Kalighat Kali Temple

Kalighat Kali Temple

Howrah Bridge

Howrah bridge was named as "New Howrah Bridge" and was commissioned in 1943 by replacing a pontoon bridge at the same location linking the cities of Howrah and Kolkata (then Calcutta). It is a cantilever bridge over the river Hooghly. In June 1965 Howrah bridge was renamed as Rabindra Setu after the great Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore, who was the first Indian and Asian Nobel laureate. This bridge is still popularly known as the Howrah Bridge.

Alipore Zoo

The Zoological Garden or the Calcutta Zoo or the  Alipore Zoo is the oldest zoological park in India and a major spot of tourist attraction in Kolkata.